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Different Types of Breech Births

Different Types of Breech Births

Newborn child, seconds after birth. The umbili...
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When babies are born with disabilities it is often in conjunction with a breech birth. Physical and mental defects are much higher for children born in the breech position at full term. So when you hear the term “breech birth”what does that mean and why is it dangerous?

There are 3 different types of breech birth that a baby can be delivered in. There is Frank breech where the baby’s butt comes out first and her feet are back near their ears. This is how the majority of breech births are done. There is the complete breech which is where the baby comes out sitting crosslegged. Then there is the kneeling position where they baby comes out in a kneeling position and the legs are flexed at the knees.

So what does the idea of breach birth have to do with physical or mental abnormalities in the baby? The answer is that the complications of a breech birth alone may be enough to pose a serious risk to the health of the baby.

There is the presence of umbilical cord prolapsed which can occur because the babies feet are not big enough to fill the space of the cervix. When this happens and then the water breaks, the umbilical cord can drop down and become compressed. This can diminish the oxygen flow to the baby and at that point the baby must be delivered immediately. If there is a delay then the baby could experience brain damage.

The delivery of the baby must be swift. Even if in the delivery the head just fits through the pelvis and the arm is extended, the delivery will not occur. The fact is that a breech birth can cause a wide variety of birth defects and it’s these defects that can end up with a disabled child. Routine visits to the doctor will help monitor the progress and condition of the baby and if the baby is breech birth near full term the doctor may schedule a C-Section in order to reduce the risks of complications.

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